Ultimate Guide to E Liquids

Table of Contents

What are e-liquids made of?

E-liquids, those juices you use in vapes, are usually made up of a few key ingredients. First, there's Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG) – these are like the base of the e-liquid. PG gives you that throat hit, while VG is all about creating those big clouds of vapour.

Then, there's nicotine. Now, this is optional. You can choose e-liquids with varying nicotine levels, or even go for nicotine-free ones if you're trying to kick the habit or just vape for the flavours.

Speaking of flavours, that's the fun part! E-liquids come in a zillion flavors – from classic ones like tobacco and mint, to wild stuff like watermelon, cotton candy, you name it. These flavourings are what make vaping such a customizable experience.

Lastly, some e-liquids might have a bit of water or alcohol in them to balance out the mixture. That's pretty much the gist of what goes into e-liquids!

Is vaping e-liquids safer than smoking cigarettes?

Ah, the big question – is vaping e-liquids safer than smoking cigarettes? Well, let's break it down.

First off, it's important to note that when we say "safer," it doesn't mean "safe." So, here's the scoop:

- Fewer Toxins: Cigarette smoke has a ton of harmful chemicals and toxins – we're talking about thousands, including stuff like tar and carbon monoxide. E-liquids, on the other hand, have fewer toxic substances. So in that sense, vaping is generally considered less harmful than smoking traditional cigarettes.
- Nicotine: Both cigarettes and most e-liquids have nicotine, which is the addictive part. But, with e-liquids, you can control how much nicotine you're getting (even going nicotine-free if you want).
- Health Impact: Smoking cigarettes is linked to a whole bunch of serious health issues, like lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Vaping hasn't been around long enough for us to see its long-term effects, but the early signs suggest it's less harmful than smoking.
- Secondhand Smoke vs. Vapour: Secondhand smoke from cigarettes is definitely bad news for anyone around. Vaping produces aerosol (often called vapour), which is less harmful than cigarette smoke, but it's not just harmless water vapour, so there are still concerns there.
- Quitting Smoking: Some folks use vaping as a stepping stone to quit smoking. It can be a way to gradually cut down on nicotine addiction. However, it's not a magic bullet and it's still a challenge.

So, to sum it up: while vaping e-liquids might be "safer" than smoking cigarettes in terms of fewer toxins, it's not completely risk-free. It's a bit like choosing between two not-so-great options, where one is less bad than the other. If you're a non-smoker, picking up vaping isn't a healthy choice. But if you're trying to quit smoking, it could be a lesser-evil kind of deal.

Can e-liquids help in quitting smoking?

Absolutely, e-liquids can play a role in helping some people quit smoking, but it's a bit of a mixed bag. Here's the lowdown:

- Nicotine Control: One of the neat things about e-liquids is that you can choose the nicotine level. This means you can gradually reduce the amount of nicotine you're using, which can help ease off the addiction. You can start with a nicotine level similar to what you're used to with cigarettes and then step it down over time.
- Mimicking Smoking: Vaping sort of mimics the act of smoking – you've got the hand-to-mouth action, the inhalation, and even the vapour that looks like smoke. For some people, this helps deal with the behavioural part of the smoking addiction.
- Flavors Galore: The wide range of flavours can also make vaping more appealing than smoking, especially since traditional cigarettes have that strong tobacco taste, which not everyone likes.
- Health Aspect: Some smokers switch to vaping as a "less harmful" option and then work their way down to quitting altogether. The idea is that it's a stepping stone, moving from something more harmful to something less harmful, and then ideally to nothing at all.
- Research and Success Rates: Studies have shown mixed results. Some folks find vaping a successful way to quit smoking, while others might end up using both cigarettes and e-cigarettes. It's not a one-size-fits-all solution.
- Medical Advice: It's always a good idea to talk to a healthcare professional about quitting smoking. There are various methods and tools available, and what works for one person might not work for another.

So, can e-liquids help in quitting smoking? For some, yes, it can be a helpful tool. But it's important to approach it with a plan – ideally with the goal of eventually giving up vaping too, to avoid replacing one habit with another.

Are there e-liquids without nicotine?

Yes, there are many e-liquids available on the market that do not contain nicotine. These e-liquids are often referred to as "nicotine-free" or "zero-nicotine" e-liquids. They are designed for vapers who prefer to enjoy the flavours and experience of vaping without the addictive substance nicotine. These nicotine-free e-liquids come in a wide variety of flavours and are suitable for those who are trying to quit nicotine altogether or who simply prefer not to consume it.

What are the health risks of e-liquids?

While e-cigarettes and vaping are often marketed as safer alternatives to traditional tobacco smoking, it's essential to recognize that they are not entirely risk-free. Some potential health risks associated with e-liquids and vaping include:

- Nicotine addiction: Many e-liquids contain nicotine, which is highly addictive. Nicotine addiction can lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit.
- Respiratory issues: Inhaling vapour from e-liquids can irritate the respiratory system, potentially leading to coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
- Cardiovascular effects: Nicotine in e-liquids can increase heart rate and blood pressure, which may pose risks to individuals with cardiovascular conditions.
- Exposure to harmful chemicals: E-liquids can contain various chemicals, including flavourings, propylene glycol, glycerin, and trace amounts of harmful substances like heavy metals and formaldehyde, which may be harmful when inhaled.
- Lung damage: Some studies suggest that vaping can cause lung inflammation, damage lung cells, and compromise the immune system's ability to fight infections.
- Potential for addiction in youth: E-cigarettes and vaping products are appealing to young people and may serve as a gateway to nicotine addiction and tobacco use.
- Accidental ingestion: E-liquids often come in colourful packaging and fruity flavours, which can attract children. Accidental ingestion of e-liquids, particularly those containing nicotine, can be toxic and potentially fatal.

It's essential for individuals considering vaping to be aware of these potential risks and to make informed decisions about their health. Consulting with healthcare professionals and staying updated on research findings can help individuals make choices that minimise potential harm.

How to store e-liquids properly?

Proper storage of e-liquids is crucial to maintaining their quality, flavour, and safety. Here are some guidelines for storing e-liquids properly:

- Keep away from sunlight: Exposure to direct sunlight can degrade the components of e-liquids and alter their flavour. Store e-liquids in a cool, dark place, such as a cabinet or drawer.
- Avoid extreme temperatures: Fluctuations in temperature can affect the consistency and flavour of e-liquids. Store them at room temperature (around 60-70°F or 15-21°C) to prevent heat or cold from impacting the liquid.
- Keep away from air and moisture: Exposure to air and moisture can cause oxidation and degradation of e-liquids. Make sure e-liquid bottles are tightly sealed when not in use to prevent air and moisture from entering.
- Store upright: E-liquid bottles should be stored upright to prevent leakage and ensure the proper sealing of the bottle cap.
- Keep out of reach of children and pets: E-liquids often come in attractive packaging and may contain nicotine, which can be harmful if ingested. Store e-liquids in a secure location out of reach of children and pets.
- Label and date: If you have multiple e-liquids, it's helpful to label each bottle with the flavour and nicotine strength and date of purchase. This can help you keep track of freshness and prevent using expired e-liquids.
- Separate from food and beverages: To prevent accidental ingestion, store e-liquids separately from food and beverages.

By following these storage guidelines, you can help preserve the quality and safety of your e-liquids for optimal vaping enjoyment.

What do the different e-liquid flavours taste like?

E-liquid flavours come in a vast array of options, ranging from traditional tobacco and menthol flavours to a wide variety of fruity, dessert, beverage, and savoury flavours. Here's a breakdown of some common e-liquid flavour categories and what they taste like:

- Tobacco: Tobacco-flavoured e-liquids aim to replicate the taste of traditional tobacco cigarettes, often with variations like Virginia, American, or Turkish tobacco. These flavours can have a rich, earthy, and slightly smoky taste.
- Menthol: Menthol e-liquids provide a cooling sensation similar to menthol cigarettes. They often have a minty, refreshing taste that can be soothing to the throat.
- Fruit: Fruit-flavoured e-liquids come in a wide range of options, including flavours like strawberry, apple, watermelon, mango, pineapple, and many more. These flavours aim to replicate the taste of fresh fruits and can be sweet, tangy, or tart depending on the fruit.
- Dessert: Dessert-inspired e-liquids mimic the flavours of popular desserts such as cake, pie, cookies, custard, ice cream, and candy. These flavours can be decadently sweet and creamy, offering a satisfying treat without the calories.
- Beverage: Beverage-flavoured e-liquids replicate the taste of various drinks, including coffee, tea, soda, cocktails, and alcoholic beverages like beer and wine. These flavours can range from bold and robust to light and refreshing.
- Mint: Mint-flavoured e-liquids offer a refreshing burst of minty flavour, similar to chewing gum or breath mints. They can be plain mint or include variations like peppermint, spearmint, or wintergreen.
- Savory: Savory e-liquids aim to capture the taste of savoury foods such as bacon, popcorn, pizza, or even savoury spices like curry or garlic. These flavours offer a unique vaping experience for those looking to explore beyond sweet and fruity options.

These descriptions provide a general overview, but e-liquid flavour experiences can vary widely depending on the brand, ingredients, and individual taste preferences.

Box of vapes

Can e-liquids expire?

Yes, e-liquids can expire. While e-liquids typically have a long shelf life if stored properly, they can degrade over time, leading to changes in flavour, consistency, and potentially safety. The expiration date of e-liquids can vary depending on factors such as the ingredients used, the manufacturing process, and storage conditions. Here are some signs that an e-liquid may have expired or degraded:

- Change in colour: E-liquids may darken or change colour over time, indicating oxidation or degradation of the ingredients.
- Loss of flavour: Expired e-liquids may lose their flavour potency or develop a stale taste.
- Change in consistency: E-liquids may become thicker or thinner than usual, indicating changes in the composition of the liquid.
- Unpleasant odour: Expired e-liquids may develop an unpleasant or off-putting odour.
- Separation: Ingredients in e-liquids may separate over time, with heavier components sinking to the bottom of the bottle.
- Presence of contaminants: Expired e-liquids may harbour microbial growth or other contaminants, posing potential health risks if consumed.

It's essential to check the expiration date on e-liquid bottles and to store them properly to maximise their shelf life. Proper storage, including keeping e-liquids away from sunlight, extreme temperatures, air, and moisture, can help preserve their quality and safety. If an e-liquid has expired or shows signs of degradation, it's best to dispose of it properly and replace it with a fresh bottle.

How to choose the right e-liquid strength?

Choosing the right e-liquid strength is essential for a satisfying vaping experience, especially if you are transitioning from traditional cigarettes or are new to vaping. E-liquid strength is typically measured in milligrams of nicotine per millilitre (mg/ml). Here are some factors to consider when selecting the right e-liquid strength:

Nicotine dependence: If you are a heavy smoker or have a high level of nicotine dependence, you may initially require a higher nicotine strength to satisfy cravings. Conversely, if you smoke fewer cigarettes per day or have a lower nicotine dependence, you may prefer a lower nicotine strength.

Smoking habits: Consider your current smoking habits, including the number of cigarettes you smoke per day and the strength of those cigarettes. This can provide a baseline for choosing an e-liquid strength that matches your nicotine intake.

Transitioning from cigarettes: If you are transitioning from smoking cigarettes to vaping, you may want to start with an e-liquid strength that closely matches the nicotine level of your usual cigarettes. Many vapers find success starting with nicotine strengths ranging from 12mg/ml to 18mg/ml for a similar nicotine hit.

Personal preference: Some vapers prefer higher nicotine strengths for a stronger throat hit, while others prefer lower nicotine strengths for a smoother vaping experience. Experimenting with different nicotine strengths can help you find the level that best suits your preferences.

Sub-ohm vaping: If you use a sub-ohm vaping device or high-powered mod, you may need to use lower nicotine strengths due to the increased vapour production and nicotine delivery. High nicotine strengths in sub-ohm devices can result in an overly harsh vaping experience.

Gradual reduction: If your goal is to gradually reduce your nicotine intake over time, you can start with a higher nicotine strength and gradually decrease it as you become accustomed to vaping.

It's essential to start with a nicotine strength that matches your needs and preferences and adjust as necessary based on your vaping experience. Consulting with knowledgeable staff at vape shops or seeking advice from experienced vapers can also be helpful in selecting the right e-liquid strength. Additionally, many e-liquid manufacturers offer a range of nicotine strengths to accommodate various preferences and needs.

What is the difference between PG and VG in e-liquids?

PG (Propylene Glycol) and VG (Vegetable Glycerin) are the two primary base ingredients in e-liquids for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping devices. They serve as carriers for the nicotine and flavourings in e-liquids. Here's a comparison of their characteristics:

Propylene Glycol (PG)

- Thinner Consistency: PG is less viscous than VG, which means it is thinner and produces less residue. This property helps in preventing the build-up of residue in the vaping device.
- Throat Hit: PG provides a stronger throat hit, which is similar to the sensation experienced when smoking tobacco cigarettes. This is often preferred by former smokers or those looking for a more intense experience.
- Flavour Carrier: PG is known to carry flavours more effectively than VG, leading to a more pronounced and accurate flavour profile in e-liquids.
- Less Vapour Production: PG produces less visible vapour compared to VG.
- Allergy/Sensitivity: Some people are allergic or sensitive to PG, which can cause throat irritation or other allergic reactions.

Vegetable Glycerin (VG):

- Thicker Consistency: VG has a thicker consistency, which can lead to more significant build-up in vaping devices, requiring more frequent cleaning.
- Smoother Throat Hit: VG provides a smoother throat hit compared to PG, which is gentler and less irritating for many users.
- Sweetness: VG has a slightly sweet taste, which can affect the flavour profile of the e-liquid.
- Vapour Production: VG is known for producing more visible vapour, making it popular among users who enjoy cloud-chasing or the aesthetic of large vapour clouds.
- Less Flavour Carrying Capability: While VG still carries flavours, it is generally considered less effective at this compared to PG.

Many e-liquids use a combination of both PG and VG, balancing the characteristics of each to achieve the desired throat hit, flavour intensity, and vapour production. The ratio of PG to VG can vary depending on the specific e-liquid and user preference.

Prefilled pod kit

Are e-liquids regulated by health authorities?

The regulation of e-liquids varies significantly from country to country. Here's a general overview of how e-liquids are regulated in different regions:

- United States:
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates e-cigarettes and e-liquids under the Tobacco Control Act. The FDA's regulations include requirements for registration, product listing, ingredient listing, premarket review for new tobacco products, health warnings, and restrictions on marketing and sales to minors.
- European Union: The EU regulates e-cigarettes and e-liquids under the Tobacco Products Directive (TPD). This directive sets standards for the safety and quality of e-cigarettes and e-liquids, including limits on nicotine concentration, requirements for child-resistant packaging, and health warnings. Manufacturers and importers are also required to submit detailed information about their products to national health authorities.
- United Kingdom: Although the UK has left the EU, it continues to regulate e-cigarettes and e-liquids largely in line with the TPD. The UK's Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is responsible for overseeing these regulations.
- Canada: Health Canada regulates e-cigarettes and vaping products under the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act (TVPA). The regulations include requirements for nicotine content, packaging, labelling, and restrictions on advertising and promotion.
- Australia: In Australia, the regulation of e-cigarettes and e-liquids is complex and varies by state and territory. Nicotine is classified as a poison in all states and territories, and its sale is highly regulated. However, the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) allows the use of nicotine e-cigarettes with a prescription from a doctor for smoking cessation.
- Other Countries: In many other countries, the regulation of e-liquids and e-cigarettes ranges from strict controls (like in Singapore, where e-cigarettes are completely banned) to more lenient or evolving regulatory frameworks.

It's important to note that regulations are continually evolving as more research becomes available on the health impacts of vaping and e-liquids. Users and manufacturers need to stay informed about the current regulations in their respective countries or regions.

Can e-liquids cause allergic reactions?

Yes, e-liquids can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. The two main ingredients in e-liquids that are known to potentially cause allergic reactions are Propylene Glycol (PG) and flavourings:

- Propylene Glycol (PG): PG is one of the primary ingredients in many e-liquids. Although it is generally recognized as safe for ingestion and topical application, some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to it when inhaled. Symptoms of a PG allergy can include throat irritation, swelling, sinus problems, headaches, skin irritation, or more severe reactions in rare cases.
- Flavourings: E-liquids come in a wide variety of flavours, and these flavourings can contain numerous chemical compounds, some of which might cause allergic reactions. Flavours that are more complex or use artificial ingredients are more likely to cause reactions. Symptoms can include similar reactions as with PG, such as throat irritation or skin rashes.

It's also possible, though less common, for individuals to have a sensitivity or allergy to Vegetable Glycerin (VG), another primary ingredient in e-liquids.

If someone suspects they are having an allergic reaction to an e-liquid, they should stop using the product immediately and consult a healthcare professional. To avoid potential allergens, some users opt for e-liquids with fewer ingredients or switch to a different base (for example, using a higher VG ratio if PG causes irritation). However, it's important to note that individual reactions can vary, and what works for one person may not work for another.

How to make DIY e-liquids?

Making DIY e-liquids can be an enjoyable and cost-effective way for vapers to create customised flavours and control the ingredients in their vaping experience. However, it requires careful handling of ingredients and understanding of the process. Here's a basic guide:

Equipment and Ingredients

1. Ingredients:

- Propylene Glycol (PG): A base liquid that carries flavour well and provides throat hit.
- Vegetable Glycerin (VG): A thicker base liquid that produces more vapour and has a slight sweetness.
- Nicotine Liquid: If you choose to use nicotine, it's usually purchased in a PG or VG base.
- Flavour Concentrates: These are specific for vaping and should be food-grade.

2. Equipment:

- Syringes or Pipettes: For accurate measurement of liquids.
- Gloves: To protect your skin, especially when handling nicotine.
- Empty Bottles: For mixing and storing your e-liquid.
- Labels: To mark your creations with the flavour, PG/VG ratio, nicotine strength, and creation date.
- A Clean, Safe Workspace: Ideally, a space that's free from contaminants and where you can work undisturbed.

Basic Steps

1. Preparation:

- Always work in a clean, well-ventilated area.
- Wear gloves, especially when handling nicotine.
- Use separate syringes for different ingredients to avoid cross-contamination.

2. Measuring Ingredients:

- Decide on the PG/VG ratio and nicotine strength you want.
- Use an e-liquid calculator (available online) to determine the correct amounts of each ingredient.
- Measure out the VG, PG, nicotine liquid, and flavour concentrates using syringes or pipettes.

3. Mixing:

- Start by adding your nicotine to the bottle if you're using it.
- Add the PG and VG, according to your desired ratio.
- Add the flavour concentrates. Usually, flavours should make up 10-20% of the total e-liquid volume, but this can vary based on personal preference and the strength of the flavours.
- Cap the bottle and shake it vigorously for a few minutes to ensure everything is well mixed.

4. Steeping:

- Some e-liquids benefit from steeping, which allows the flavours to blend and mature. This can be done by storing the e-liquid in a cool, dark place for a period of days to weeks. Shaking the bottle occasionally during this period can help.

5. Safety and Storage:

- Label your e-liquid with the creation date and ingredients.
- Store e-liquids away from children and pets, ideally in a cool, dark place.

Important Considerations

- Safety: Handling nicotine, in particular, requires caution. Nicotine is a toxic substance, especially in its concentrated form.
- Quality of Ingredients: Use only ingredients intended for vaping. Not all flavourings and oils are safe to inhale.
- Experimentation: Making DIY e-liquid often involves a bit of trial and error to find the perfect blend.
- Legal and Health Aspects: Be aware of the laws regarding e-liquid production in your area, and remember that vaping, like all forms of smoking, carries health risks.

Remember, this is a simplified guide. If you're new to DIY e-liquid making, start with small batches to practise and understand the process better before scaling up.

Strawberry rasberry vape

What is the best e-liquid brand?

Determining the best e-liquid brand can be subjective, as it depends on personal preferences regarding flavours, ingredients, nicotine strengths, and overall quality. However, there are several brands that are consistently popular and highly regarded within the vaping community. Here are a few notable ones, based on various criteria:

1. Quality and Reputation:

- Five Pawns: Known for their complex and gourmet flavours, they focus on quality and have a strong reputation in the market.
- Black Note: Specialises in tobacco-flavoured e-liquids, ideal for those looking for a more traditional smoking experience.

2. Flavor Variety:

- Vapetasia: Offers a wide range of flavours, particularly famous for their custard and dessert-based e-liquids.
- Naked 100: Known for their fruit flavours, they provide a wide variety of options, including menthol and tobacco blends.

3. Innovative Blends:

- Dinner Lady: Popular for their innovative dessert flavours, especially their lemon tart e-liquid.
- Halo: They are well-known for their tobacco and menthol blends, with a focus on providing a satisfying throat hit.

4. Value for Money:

- Vape Wild: Offers a broad range of flavours at competitive prices, making them a popular choice for budget-conscious vapers.

5. Nicotine Salt E-Liquids:

- SaltNic Labs: Specialises in nicotine salt e-liquids, which are becoming increasingly popular for use in pod systems.

6. Premium and Craft E-Liquids:

- Cosmic Fog: Known for their unique and high-quality flavour combinations, they focus on crafting premium e-liquids.

7. Health and Safety Standards:

- Brands that adhere to high manufacturing standards, often verified by third-party audits, are generally preferred for their commitment to quality and safety.

When choosing an e-liquid, consider factors like PG/VG ratio, flavour profile, nicotine strength (including options for nicotine salts), and user reviews. It's also essential to purchase from reputable sources to ensure the authenticity and safety of the products. Keep in mind that taste is highly subjective, and what is best for one person may not be for another. Starting with sample packs or small bottles can be a good way to find the flavour and brand that suits your preferences.

Are there organic or natural e-liquids?

Yes, there are e-liquids marketed as "organic" or "natural." These products are designed for vapers who prefer ingredients sourced from organic farming and minimal processing. Here are some key points to consider regarding organic and natural e-liquids:

1. Ingredients:

- Organic Vegetable Glycerin (VG): Sourced from plants grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilisers.
- Organic Propylene Glycol (PG): While less common due to the difficulty in sourcing organic PG, some brands may offer it.
- Organic Flavourings: Made from organically grown fruits, herbs, and other natural materials, without artificial flavours or additives.
- Nicotine: If present, should ideally be extracted from organically grown tobacco. However, nicotine-free options are also common in organic e-liquids.

2. Certification:

- Reputable organic e-liquids are often certified by recognized organic certification bodies, ensuring that the ingredients meet specific organic farming standards.
- Certification also means the manufacturing process adheres to certain standards for organic production.

3. Flavor Profile:

- Organic e-liquids might have a more natural and subtle flavour profile compared to regular e-liquids, as they do not contain artificial flavourings or additives.

4. Safety and Purity:

- While organic e-liquids avoid synthetic chemicals, it's still important to ensure they are produced in a clean, professional environment to avoid contamination.
- The absence of artificial additives can be a selling point for those concerned about inhaling unknown chemicals.

5. Availability and Price:

- Organic e-liquids are generally less widely available than traditional e-liquids and may be more expensive due to the higher cost of organic ingredients and the certification process.

6. Brands:

- There are brands that specialise in organic e-liquids, and they often market their products highlighting the purity, quality, and origin of their ingredients.

7. Regulation:

- The same regulations that apply to traditional e-liquids usually apply to organic ones as well, including labelling, packaging, and sales restrictions.

It's important to do thorough research and buy from reputable sources when seeking organic e-liquids, as the term "organic" can sometimes be used loosely in marketing. Also, keep in mind that while organic e-liquids may offer certain benefits, vaping in general still carries health risks regardless of the organic status of the e-liquids used.

How do e-liquids affect throat hit?

E-liquids have a significant impact on the "throat hit" experienced while vaping, which is the sensation felt in the back of the throat when inhaling vapour. The throat hit is an important aspect of vaping, especially for former smokers or those using vaping as a means to quit smoking. Several factors in e-liquids influence this sensation:

1. Nicotine Content:

- Nicotine is the primary contributor to throat hit in e-liquids. Higher nicotine levels typically result in a stronger throat hit. This is why many people transitioning from smoking to vaping might prefer e-liquids with higher nicotine content initially.
- Nicotine salts, a different form of nicotine, can deliver high nicotine levels with a smoother throat hit compared to traditional (freebase) nicotine.

2. Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG) Ratio:

- PG is known for providing a more pronounced throat hit compared to VG. E-liquids with a higher PG ratio tend to have a stronger throat hit.
- VG, on the other hand, produces a smoother sensation. E-liquids with higher VG content are often preferred by those who seek large vapour production and a gentler throat hit.

3. Flavourings:

- Certain flavours can affect the throat hit. For instance, menthol and certain fruit flavours can provide a cooling, crisp throat hit, while cinnamon and some citrus flavours might result in a sharper hit.
- The overall intensity and type of flavourings used can also play a role. Stronger, more pungent flavours might enhance the throat hit.

4. Temperature and Power Settings:

- The settings on the vaping device can also influence throat hit. Higher temperatures and power settings can intensify the throat hit, as they produce more vapour and potentially enhance nicotine delivery and flavour.

5. Personal Sensitivity:

- Individual sensitivity varies, meaning some vapers may experience a stronger throat hit than others at the same nicotine level or PG/VG ratio.

6. Hydration:

- Vaping can be dehydrating, and dehydration can intensify the throat hit. Staying well-hydrated can potentially mitigate an overly harsh throat hit.

Throat hit preference varies among vapers. Some prefer a strong hit similar to the experience of smoking cigarettes, while others enjoy a smoother experience. Experimenting with different nicotine strengths, PG/VG ratios, flavours, and vaping settings can help find the most satisfying balance for each individual.

What are the signs of e-liquid spoilage?

E-liquids, like many other consumable products, can spoil or degrade over time. Here are some signs to watch for that may indicate your e-liquid has spoiled or is no longer in optimal condition:

1. Change in Color:

- E-liquids may darken over time, especially those containing nicotine. A slight color change is normal, but a significant or rapid change may indicate spoilage.

2. Separation of Ingredients:

- If the ingredients in the e-liquid are separating and do not mix well after shaking, this could be a sign that the e-liquid has gone bad.

3. Viscosity Changes:

- Any noticeable change in the thickness of the e-liquid (either too thick or too thin compared to when it was purchased) can indicate degradation.

4. Off or Altered Smell:

- If the e-liquid starts to smell different or unpleasant, this is a strong indicator that it shouldn't be used.

5. Strange or Unpleasant Taste:

- A change in flavour, particularly an unpleasant or stale taste, is a clear sign that the e-liquid may have spoiled.

6. Irritation or Discomfort:

- If using the e-liquid causes more throat irritation or discomfort than usual, it might be due to spoilage or degradation of the ingredients.

7. Presence of Particles or Clumps:

- Any visible particles or clumps in the e-liquid are a sign of contamination or spoilage.

8. Expired Expiry Date:

- Like many products, e-liquids have an expiry date. Using a product past its expiry date can increase the risk of spoilage.

E-liquids typically have a shelf life of around one to two years when stored properly. To prolong their life, store them in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures. Also, ensure the caps are tightly sealed when not in use to prevent oxidation. If you suspect that an e-liquid has spoiled, it's best to err on the side of caution and dispose of it safely.

Can you mix different e-liquids?

Yes, you can mix different e-liquids, and many vapers do this to create custom flavours, adjust nicotine strengths, or alter the PG/VG ratio to suit their preferences. However, there are some important considerations to keep in mind when doing so:

1. Flavour Compatibility:

- Consider how the flavours will blend together. Some flavours mix well and can create a pleasant new taste, while others might not complement each other and result in an unpleasant flavour.
- Start with small amounts when experimenting with new flavour combinations to avoid wasting e-liquid.

2. Nicotine Strength:

- If the e-liquids you're mixing have different nicotine strengths, the resulting mixture will have a nicotine level somewhere in between. Be cautious with the calculations to achieve your desired nicotine strength.
- Mixing a nicotine-containing e-liquid with a nicotine-free one can dilute the overall nicotine strength.

3. PG/VG Ratio:

- Mixing e-liquids with different PG/VG ratios will result in a final product with a ratio that is a blend of the two. This can affect the throat hit, vapour production, and the way the flavour is perceived.
- If you're after a specific PG/VG balance, calculate the ratios accordingly.

4. Quality and Composition:

- Ensure that the e-liquids you are mixing are of high quality and don't contain any undesirable additives.
- Mixing should ideally be done with e-liquids from reputable brands to ensure safety and quality.

5. Steeping:

- The mixed e-liquid may need some time to 'steep' after mixing. Steeping allows the flavours to meld and develop, often leading to a more harmonious final flavour.

6. Safety and Cleanliness:

- Mix in a clean, sterile environment to prevent contamination.
- Use clean utensils and containers for mixing.

7. Allergies and Sensitivities:

- Be aware of any potential allergies or sensitivities to ingredients in both e-liquids.

8. Record Keeping:

- Keep track of what you're mixing, including the ratios and ingredients, so you can replicate a successful mix or avoid repeating an unsuccessful one.

Mixing e-liquids can be a fun and creative aspect of vaping, allowing for customization to suit your individual taste and preferences. Just remember to do it thoughtfully and safely.

Strawberry and mint vape

What are salt nicotine e-liquids?

Salt nicotine e-liquids, often referred to as nicotine salts or nic salts, are a type of e-liquid that offers a different experience compared to traditional freebase nicotine. Here are the key aspects of salt nicotine e-liquids:

1. Chemical Structure:

- Nicotine salts are formed by adding benzoic acid or another organic acid to freebase nicotine. This process creates a more stable and less volatile compound.
- The addition of the acid lowers the pH level of the nicotine solution, which results in a smoother throat hit when vaped.

2. Absorption Rate:

- Nicotine salts are absorbed into the bloodstream faster than freebase nicotine. This provides a sensation more akin to smoking a traditional cigarette, which is appealing to many smokers looking to switch to vaping.

3. Higher Nicotine Strengths:

- E-liquids containing nicotine salts often come in higher nicotine strengths than traditional e-liquids. They can range from 20mg up to 50mg or more, whereas freebase nicotine e-liquids are typically found in strengths from 3mg to 24mg.
- Despite the higher nicotine content, nic salts tend to be less harsh and easier on the throat than freebase nicotine at equivalent strengths.

4. Usage in Low-Power Devices:

- Nicotine salt e-liquids are generally used in lower-powered vaping devices like pod systems and basic starter kits. These devices vaporise the e-liquid at a lower temperature, which is suitable for the efficient delivery of nicotine salts.

5. Flavor and Experience:

- The smoother throat hit of nic salts can make higher nicotine levels more palatable, which is beneficial for users trying to satisfy their nicotine cravings without the harshness.
- Some users report a difference in flavour when using nicotine salts compared to freebase nicotine, often noting a cleaner taste and feel.

6. Suitability:

- Nicotine salts are particularly suited for those who are new to vaping, especially for those who are transitioning from smoking cigarettes due to the similar nicotine absorption rate and satisfaction.
- They are also favoured by vapers who prefer a less visible vapour cloud and a more discreet vaping experience.

7. Storage and Shelf Life:

- Nicotine salts are generally more stable than freebase nicotine, which can translate to a longer shelf life.

It's important to note that nicotine, in any form, is an addictive substance. Nicotine salt e-liquids should be used responsibly and are not suitable for non-smokers, minors, pregnant women, or individuals with certain health conditions. As with any vaping product, users should purchase nicotine salt e-liquids from reputable sources to ensure quality and safety.

How long does a bottle of e-liquid last?

The longevity of a bottle of e-liquid depends on several factors, including the size of the bottle, the frequency and style of vaping, the type of device used, and personal vaping habits. Here's a general guideline:

1. Bottle Size:

- E-liquid bottles typically range in size from 10ml to 120ml. Naturally, larger bottles will last longer.

2. Vaping Frequency:

- How often you vape is a significant factor. Heavy vapers might go through 3-5ml or more per day, while light or occasional vapers might use less than 1ml per day.

3. Device Type:

- The type of vaping device plays a crucial role. High-powered devices and those that produce large clouds (sub-ohm tanks, for example) tend to consume more e-liquid compared to low-power devices like pod systems.

4. Inhalation Style:

- Direct-to-lung (DTL) vaping typically uses more e-liquid than mouth-to-lung (MTL) vaping.

5. Personal Vaping Habits:

- The length and frequency of your vaping sessions will also influence how quickly you go through e-liquid.


- Light Vaper (using MTL device): For someone who vapes infrequently, a 10ml bottle might last a week or more.
- Average Vaper (using a moderate power device): An average user might consume about 2-3ml per day, so a 30ml bottle could last around 10-15 days.
- Heavy Vaper (using a high-power or sub-ohm device): A heavy vaper, especially those who use DTL style, might go through 5ml or more per day, meaning a 60ml bottle would last about 12 days or less.

Shelf Life:

- Unopened e-liquids typically have a shelf life of about 1-2 years when stored properly in a cool, dark place. Once opened, it's best to use the e-liquid within a few months, as exposure to air, light, and heat can degrade the quality.

Remember, these are approximate estimations and can vary widely based on individual circumstances. It's always good to monitor your consumption over time to understand better how long a bottle lasts for you specifically.

Are e-liquids vegan-friendly?

Many e-liquids are indeed vegan-friendly, but this can vary depending on the brand and the specific ingredients used. Here's what to consider when determining if an e-liquid is vegan:

1. Base Ingredients:

- The primary ingredients in most e-liquids are Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG), both of which are typically plant-derived and vegan-friendly.
- Nicotine, when included, is derived from tobacco plants and is also vegan.

2. Flavourings:

- The key area of concern is often the flavourings. Most flavourings used in e-liquids are synthetic or plant-based, but it's important to check if any animal-derived flavours or ingredients are used.
- Some natural flavourings may be derived from animal sources, although this is less common.

3. Colorings and Additives:

- Occasionally, e-liquids may contain additional colorings or additives. It's important to verify that these are not animal-derived if you're looking for a vegan product.

4. Brand Policies and Certifications:

- Some e-liquid manufacturers may specifically label their products as vegan-friendly. Checking the brand's website or contacting them directly can provide assurance.
- Certifications or clear statements regarding vegan practices can also be a reliable indicator.

5. Cross-Contamination:

- For strict vegans, it may also be important to consider whether the e-liquid is produced in a facility that processes non-vegan ingredients, as there could be a risk of cross-contamination.

6. Animal Testing:

- Another consideration is whether the e-liquid or its ingredients have been tested on animals. Some vegans might avoid products from companies that engage in or support animal testing.

If being vegan-friendly is important to you, it's best to research and possibly reach out to e-liquid manufacturers for clarity on their ingredients and production practices. Many companies are transparent about their ingredients and are willing to provide information to consumers who have specific dietary or ethical preferences.

Can e-liquids be used in all types of vaping devices?

E-liquids can be used in a wide range of vaping devices, but not all e-liquids are suitable for all types of devices. The compatibility often depends on the viscosity of the e-liquid (determined by its PG/VG ratio) and the design and power of the vaping device. Here's a general guideline:

1. Standard E-Liquids (High PG):

- These are thinner due to a higher proportion of Propylene Glycol (PG).
- They are well-suited for lower-powered devices like cig-a-likes, vape pens, and pod systems.
- High PG e-liquids wick more efficiently in devices with smaller coils and are less likely to cause leaking or flooding in these systems.

2. Sub-Ohm E-Liquids (High VG):

- These are thicker due to a higher proportion of Vegetable Glycerin (VG).
- They are ideal for higher-powered, sub-ohm devices that produce larger clouds of vapour.
- High VG e-liquids may not wick effectively in smaller, low-power devices, leading to dry hits or damage to the coil.

3. Nicotine Salt E-Liquids:

- These are typically formulated with a balanced PG/VG ratio to be compatible with a range of devices but are most commonly used in low-power pod systems and mouth-to-lung (MTL) devices.
- Their higher nicotine content and smoother throat hit make them unsuitable for high-power, sub-ohm devices as they can deliver too much nicotine too quickly.

4. MTL (Mouth-to-Lung) Devices:

- These devices, which include pod systems and vape pens, work well with a range of e-liquids, but are particularly compatible with higher PG liquids and nicotine salts.

5. DTL (Direct-to-Lung) Devices:

- These devices, including many box mods and sub-ohm tanks, are generally best used with high VG e-liquids.

6. Adjustable Devices:

- Some advanced vaping devices offer adjustable settings, allowing a broader range of e-liquid types to be used effectively.

7. Compatibility and Performance:

- It’s important to match the e-liquid to the device for optimal performance. Using the wrong type of e-liquid can lead to issues like leaking, poor vapour production, burnt coils, or an unsatisfactory vaping experience.

When choosing e-liquids for a specific device, it's also important to consider factors like the device's coil resistance, wattage range, and design features. Always refer to the manufacturer's recommendations for the device to ensure compatibility and to get the best vaping experience.

How to clean a vape tank after using e-liquids?

Cleaning your vape tank is an essential part of vape maintenance. It helps in enhancing the flavour, extending the life of your device, and ensuring a safe vaping experience. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to clean your vape tank:

Disassembling the Tank

1. Empty the Tank: Make sure your tank is emptied of any remaining e-liquid.
2. Disassemble the Tank: Carefully disassemble your tank. Remove the mouthpiece (drip tip), the tank from the battery, the coil, and any other removable parts. Some tanks have parts that are press-fit, while others are screw-on. Be gentle to avoid damaging any seals or threads.

Cleaning the Tank

1. Rinse with Warm Water:

- Begin by rinsing all the parts (except the coil) under warm (not hot) running water to remove e-liquid residue.
- For a deeper clean, you can soak the parts in warm water for a few minutes. This helps to loosen and remove any stubborn residue.

2. Use Cleaning Agents (if necessary):

- For a more thorough cleaning, especially if you are experiencing flavour ghosting (lingering flavours from previous e-liquids), you can use a mild dish soap.
- Avoid using harsh chemicals or strong detergents as they can damage the components or leave harmful residues.

3. Ultrasonic Cleaners (optional):

- For those who want a deep clean, ultrasonic cleaners are effective in removing residue from hard-to-reach areas. They are commonly used for jewellery and can be found online or in stores.

4. Cleaning the Coil:

- Generally, coils should be replaced rather than cleaned, as they tend to accumulate burnt residue that is hard to remove and affects flavour.
- If you decide to clean a reusable coil, gently rinse it under warm water and let it dry completely before reuse. Note that cleaning may not restore its original performance.

5. Drying the Components:

- After cleaning, pat dry each component with a clean paper towel or cloth.
- Allow the parts to air dry completely before reassembly. Any moisture left in the tank can affect the vaping experience.

Reassembling the Tank

1. Check the Coil: Ensure that your coil is in good condition or replace it with a new one if needed.
2. Reassemble the Tank: Once all parts are dry, reassemble your tank. Ensure all components are fitted correctly and seals are tight to prevent leaks.
3. Refill and Reattach: Refill the tank with your choice of e-liquid and reattach it to your vaping device.


- Frequency: It’s a good practice to clean your vape tank every time you change the e-liquid flavour or every few weeks if you use the same flavour.
- Check for Damage: While cleaning, inspect for any signs of wear or damage, such as cracked glass or worn seals, and replace parts as necessary.
- Handle with Care: Be careful with glass components and delicate parts like the coil and wicks.

Regular cleaning not only maintains the quality of your vaping experience but also extends the lifespan of your device. Remember to handle all parts with care and follow the manufacturer's instructions for disassembly and reassembly.

Are there e-liquids with caffeine or vitamins?

Yes, there are e-liquids that claim to be infused with caffeine, vitamins, or other supplements. However, there are several important points to consider regarding their effectiveness and safety:

1. Caffeine-Infused E-Liquids:

- Some manufacturers have produced e-liquids containing caffeine, with the idea of providing a stimulant effect similar to drinking coffee or energy drinks.
- The effectiveness of inhaling caffeine through vaping is questionable. The amount of caffeine typically present in these e-liquids is quite small, and it's unclear how much is actually absorbed through the lungs.

2. Vitamin-Infused E-Liquids:

- There are e-liquids that are marketed as containing various vitamins, such as B12, C, or D.
- As with caffeine, the efficacy of absorbing vitamins through inhalation is debatable. The lungs are not designed to absorb vitamins, and there is limited scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of this method of delivery.

3. Health Claims and Regulations:

- E-liquids with added caffeine or vitamins often come with claims of health benefits or enhanced functionality. However, these claims are not typically backed by substantial scientific evidence.
- The regulation of such products can vary by region, and they may not be subject to the same rigorous testing as dietary supplements or medications.

4. Safety Concerns:

- The safety of inhaling substances like caffeine or vitamins is not well-studied, and there could be potential health risks associated with these products.
- It's always best to approach such products with caution and scepticism, especially considering the lack of conclusive research in this area.

5. Marketing vs. Effectiveness:

- Products like these are often marketed more on novelty than effectiveness. The actual health benefits provided, if any, are likely to be minimal compared to traditional methods of caffeine or vitamin intake (like drinking coffee or taking supplements orally).

6. Consult Healthcare Providers:

- If you're considering using e-liquids with added caffeine or vitamins for health purposes, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare provider. They can offer advice based on your health needs and the current state of medical research.

In summary, while such products exist, their health benefits are questionable, and they should be approached with caution. Traditional methods of caffeine and vitamin intake are generally more reliable and safer.

Rose lychee vape

What are the legal regulations surrounding e-liquids?

The legal regulations surrounding e-liquids vary widely by country and, in some cases, by region within a country. As of my last update in April 2023, here are some general aspects of these regulations:

1. Age Restrictions:

- Nearly all regions have age restrictions on the sale of e-liquids, typically limiting sales to adults over a certain age (often 18 or 21).

2. Nicotine Content:

- Many places regulate the maximum nicotine strength allowed in e-liquids. For instance, in the European Union, the Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) limits nicotine concentration to a maximum of 20 mg/mL.

3. Bottle Size and Packaging:

- Regulations often dictate the maximum size for bottles of nicotine-containing e-liquid (e.g., 10ml in the EU under the TPD).
- Child-resistant packaging and tamper-evident features are commonly required.

4. Ingredient Disclosure and Bans:

- Manufacturers may be required to disclose the ingredients in their e-liquids.
- Certain ingredients, like certain flavourings, colours, or additives, may be banned.

5. Marketing and Advertising:

- Many countries have restrictions on how e-liquids can be marketed, often banning the promotion of e-cigarette products in certain media or places.
- Health claims are generally strictly controlled or prohibited.

6. Warning Labels:

- Warning labels about the health risks associated with vaping, especially related to nicotine addiction, are typically required.

7. Quality and Safety Standards:

- Regulations may specify standards for the manufacturing process of e-liquids to ensure consistency and safety.

8. Taxation:

- Some countries have specific taxes on e-liquids, which can affect pricing.

9. Online Sales and Distribution:

- The sale and distribution of e-liquids, particularly online, may be regulated to prevent sales to minors or to manage cross-border commerce.

10. Country-Specific Bans and Restrictions:

- Some countries have taken a more restrictive approach, implementing partial or complete bans on e-cigarettes and e-liquids.

It's important for manufacturers, retailers, and consumers to be aware of and comply with the regulations specific to their location. These regulations are often subject to change, so staying informed about current laws is crucial. Additionally, these regulations are designed primarily to ensure the safety of e-cigarette products and to minimise harm, particularly to young people.

How to safely dispose of e-liquids?

Safely disposing of e-liquids is important for environmental protection and public safety, especially considering that many e-liquids contain nicotine, which is a hazardous substance. Here's a guide on how to dispose of e-liquids properly:

1. Do Not Pour Down the Drain:

- Avoid pouring e-liquid down the sink, toilet, or drain. Nicotine can be harmful to the environment and aquatic life.

2. Use Absorbent Material:

- If you have a small amount of e-liquid left, you can pour it onto an absorbent material like cat litter, sawdust, or sand. Once the liquid is absorbed, you can dispose of the material in your regular trash.

3. Empty and Clean Containers:

- Before disposing of e-liquid bottles, ensure they are completely empty. Rinse them out with water to remove any residue.

4. Recycle When Possible:

- Check if the e-liquid bottles are recyclable. Many are made of plastic or glass that can be recycled. Remove any labels that are not recyclable and rinse the bottles before recycling.

5. Check Local Hazardous Waste Guidelines:

- Some areas have specific guidelines for disposing of hazardous waste, including nicotine products. Contact your local waste management authorities to find out the best disposal method in your area.

6. Dispose of Nicotine Products at Hazardous Waste Facilities:

- If you have a large quantity of e-liquid, particularly with high nicotine content, consider taking it to a hazardous waste disposal facility.

7. Keep Away from Children and Animals:

- Ensure that e-liquids and empty containers are out of reach of children and pets at all times, even when preparing them for disposal.

8. Battery Disposal:

- If disposing of e-cigarettes along with e-liquids, remember that batteries should never be thrown in the trash. Many retailers and local waste management systems offer e-cigarette battery recycling services.

9. Follow Manufacturer's Guidelines:

- Some manufacturers provide specific instructions for disposing of their e-liquid products. Check the packaging or the manufacturer's website for guidance.

10. Community Take-Back Programs:

- Look for community hazardous waste collection events or take-back programs, which are often a safe way to dispose of e-liquids and other hazardous materials.

Remember, proper disposal of e-liquids not only protects the environment but also prevents potential misuse or accidental exposure, particularly in households with children or pets.

What's the difference between e-liquids and e-juices?

"E-liquids" and "e-juices" are two terms that are often used interchangeably in the context of vaping, and they essentially refer to the same product. Both terms describe the liquid solution that is vaporised in an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or vape device to produce vapour that the user inhales. Here's a bit more detail:

1. E-Liquid:

- This is the more formal term of the two and is commonly used in industry and regulatory documentation.
- It emphasises the nature of the product as a liquid used specifically for electronic vaping devices.
- The term "e-liquid" is often preferred in contexts where clarity and precision are important, such as in scientific research, health communication, or regulatory policies.

2. E-Juice:

- This term is more colloquial and is widely used among vaping communities and consumers.
- The word "juice" gives it a more casual and consumer-friendly connotation.
- It's often used in marketing and retail settings due to its more approachable and less technical sound.

3. Composition:

- Both e-liquids and e-juices have the same composition, typically consisting of Propylene Glycol (PG), Vegetable Glycerin (VG), flavourings, and often nicotine. The ratios of these ingredients can vary to produce different vaping experiences.

4. Usage:

- Regardless of the term used, the product serves the same purpose – to be used in vape devices where it is heated to produce vapour.

5. Cultural and Regional Differences:

- The preference for one term over the other can sometimes vary by region or cultural context. For instance, some regions may predominantly use "e-juice" in everyday conversation, while others might prefer "e-liquid."

In summary, there is no difference between e-liquids and e-juices in terms of their composition or use. The choice of term generally comes down to context, preference, and familiarity.

Rasberry and lime vape

Can e-liquids freeze?

Yes, e-liquids can freeze, but their freezing point is typically lower than water due to the chemical properties of their main components, Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG), both of which have lower freezing points than water.

1. Freezing Points of PG and VG:

- Propylene Glycol (PG) has a freezing point of around -59°C (-74°F).
- Vegetable Glycerin (VG) freezes at about -17.8°C (0°F).

2. Effect of Mixture:

- E-liquids usually contain a mix of PG, VG, flavourings, and sometimes nicotine. The specific freezing point of an e-liquid depends on its PG/VG ratio and other ingredients.
- Generally, the more VG in the mix, the higher the freezing point, as VG has a higher freezing point than PG. However, even high VG e-liquids are unlikely to freeze in typical household freezer temperatures.

3. Storage in Cold Temperatures:

- While e-liquids can become more viscous in cold temperatures, it's rare for them to freeze solid in typical environmental conditions.
- If an e-liquid does become too thick due to cold, allowing it to warm up to room temperature will usually return it to its normal viscosity.

4. Effect on Quality:

- Repeated freezing and thawing might affect the quality of an e-liquid. It could lead to changes in flavour or consistency, as some ingredients might not mix evenly after being frozen.

5. Device Performance:

- Using an e-liquid in very cold conditions, even if it hasn't frozen, can affect the performance of your vaping device. Thicker liquid might not wick efficiently, leading to dry hits or even damage to the coil.

In summary, while it's possible for e-liquids to freeze, they generally have a much lower freezing point than water and are unlikely to freeze under typical conditions. However, it's a good practice to store e-liquids at room temperature to maintain their quality and ensure optimal performance in your vaping device.

Are there sugar-free e-liquids?

Yes, there are sugar-free e-liquids available on the market. These e-liquids are formulated without added sugars, which helps prevent caramelization and burning on the heating coils of the vaping device. While some e-liquids may contain artificial sweeteners or flavourings to mimic the taste of sugary flavours, they are designed to be safe for vaping and do not contribute to the formation of harmful byproducts when heated and inhaled. It's essential to check the ingredients list and choose products from reputable manufacturers to ensure quality and safety.

How do different nicotine levels in e-liquids affect the experience?

The nicotine level in e-liquids can significantly affect the vaping experience, including the sensation, throat hit, and overall satisfaction. Here's how different nicotine levels typically impact the vaping experience:

1. High Nicotine (18mg/ml and above):

- Provides a strong throat hit, similar to that of smoking traditional cigarettes.
- Suitable for heavy smokers or those who crave a strong nicotine hit.
- Can cause dizziness or nausea in inexperienced vapers or those not used to high nicotine levels.

2. Medium Nicotine (6mg/ml to 12mg/ml):

- Offers a moderate throat hit, less harsh than high nicotine levels but still noticeable.
- Suitable for moderate smokers or those who are trying to reduce their nicotine intake gradually.
- Balances throat hit with flavour and vapour production, offering a satisfying vaping experience for many users.

3. Low Nicotine (3mg/ml to 6mg/ml):

- Provides a mild throat hit, barely noticeable for some users.
- Suitable for light smokers or those who have already significantly reduced their nicotine consumption.
- Allows for extended vaping sessions without experiencing nicotine overload.

4. Nicotine-Free (0mg/ml):

- Offers no throat hit as there is no nicotine present.
- Suitable for vapers who have successfully quit nicotine or those who want to enjoy vaping without any addictive substance.
- Ideal for users who enjoy the sensory aspects of vaping, such as flavour and vapour production, without the nicotine effects.

Choosing the right nicotine level depends on individual preferences, smoking habits, and goals. It's essential to start with a nicotine level that matches your current consumption and adjust as needed to find the right balance between satisfaction and comfort. Additionally, users should be mindful of potential nicotine dependence and consider gradually reducing nicotine levels over time if their goal is to eventually quit vaping altogether.

What are the effects of steeping e-liquids?

Steeping e-liquids refers to the process of ageing or maturing them over time to enhance their flavour profile. This process involves allowing the e-liquid to sit for a period, typically in a cool, dark place, to allow the flavour compounds to blend and develop. Here are some effects of steeping e-liquids:

1. Flavour Enhancement: Steeping allows the various flavour components in the e-liquid to meld together more harmoniously, resulting in a smoother, more rounded flavour profile. Some e-liquids may initially taste harsh or have a chemical aftertaste, which can be mellowed out through steeping.

2. Colour Change: Steeping can cause a change in the colour of the e-liquid. This is especially noticeable with e-liquids containing natural flavour extracts, which may darken over time as the flavours intensify. However, this change in colour does not necessarily indicate spoilage or degradation of the e-liquid.

3. Reduction of Alcohol or Chemical Notes: Some e-liquids may contain trace amounts of alcohol or other chemical compounds, which can contribute to a harsh or unpleasant taste when freshly mixed. Steeping can help dissipate these alcohol or chemical notes, resulting in a smoother vaping experience.

4. Homogenization: Steeping helps ensure that the various ingredients in the e-liquid are thoroughly mixed and distributed evenly. This can help prevent flavour inconsistencies and ensure a more consistent vaping experience.

5. Release of Volatile Compounds: During steeping, volatile compounds in the e-liquid may evaporate, leading to changes in aroma and flavour. This can contribute to a more well-rounded and complex flavour profile.

Overall, steeping can significantly improve the taste and quality of e-liquids, especially those with complex flavour profiles or higher VG (vegetable glycerin) content. However, not all e-liquids require steeping, and some may taste best when freshly mixed. It's essential to experiment with steeping times and techniques to find what works best for each individual e-liquid and personal preference.

How to avoid e-liquid leaks in vape devices?

E-liquid leaks in vape devices can be frustrating and messy. Here are some tips to help you avoid e-liquid leaks:

1. Check O-Rings and Seals: Inspect the O-rings and seals of your vape device regularly, as worn or damaged seals can lead to leaks. Replace any damaged seals promptly.

2. Proper Assembly: Make sure all components of your vape device, including the tank or atomizer, are properly assembled and securely tightened. Avoid over-tightening, as this can damage the seals and cause leaks.

3. Fill E-Liquid Correctly: When refilling your tank, avoid overfilling, as this can lead to leaks. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for filling your specific device, and be mindful not to get e-liquid into the central airflow tube.

4. Close Airflow Holes When Refilling: Close the airflow holes on your tank or device when refilling to prevent e-liquid from leaking out through the airflow slots.

5. Keep Device Upright: Store your vape device upright whenever possible, especially when it's not in use. This helps prevent e-liquid from leaking out through the airflow holes or leaking into the device's internal components.

6. Avoid Extreme Temperature Changes: Rapid temperature changes can cause e-liquid to expand or contract, leading to leaks. Avoid leaving your device in hot cars or cold environments for extended periods.

7. Use the Right E-Liquid: Using the correct viscosity of e-liquid for your device can help prevent leaks. High VG (vegetable glycerin) e-liquids may be thicker and less prone to leaking in some devices compared to high PG (propylene glycol) e-liquids.

8. Replace Coils Regularly: Worn or damaged coils can contribute to leaks. Replace coils according to the manufacturer's recommendations to maintain optimal performance and prevent leaks.

9. Clean Your Device:Regularly clean your vape device, especially the tank and connections, to remove any e-liquid residue that could contribute to leaks.

By following these tips and maintaining your vape device properly, you can minimise the risk of e-liquid leaks and enjoy a hassle-free vaping experience.

Can e-liquids be shipped internationally?

The regulations regarding the international shipping of e-liquids vary depending on the destination country and the specific laws and regulations governing the importation of vaping products in that country. In some countries, the importation of e-liquids may be heavily restricted or prohibited altogether.

Before attempting to ship e-liquids internationally, it's essential to research and familiarise yourself with the vaping laws and regulations of both the country of origin (where the e-liquids are being shipped from) and the destination country (where the e-liquids are being shipped to). This includes understanding any restrictions or prohibitions on the importation of nicotine-containing products, as well as any requirements for labelling, packaging, or documentation.

Additionally, shipping carriers may have their own policies and restrictions regarding the transportation of e-liquids, so it's important to check with the chosen shipping provider to ensure compliance with their terms and conditions.

Overall, while it may be possible to ship e-liquids internationally in some cases, it's crucial to proceed with caution and ensure compliance with all relevant laws, regulations, and shipping guidelines to avoid any legal or logistical issues.

How to use a hayati pod

What are the best e-liquid flavours for beginners?

When it comes to choosing e-liquid flavours for beginners, it's essential to consider flavours that are generally well-liked, easy to vape, and not too overwhelming. Here are some popular e-liquid flavours that are often recommended for beginners:

1. Tobacco: Many beginners prefer e-liquids that mimic the taste of traditional tobacco cigarettes, as it provides a familiar flavour profile. Tobacco-flavoured e-liquids come in various blends, ranging from light and mild to rich and bold.

2. Menthol: Menthol e-liquids offer a refreshing minty flavour with a cooling sensation, which can be appealing to beginners, especially those transitioning from menthol cigarettes.

3. Fruit: Fruit-flavoured e-liquids are often popular among beginners due to their sweet and vibrant taste. Common fruit flavours include strawberry, blueberry, apple, mango, and watermelon.

4. Dessert: Dessert-flavoured e-liquids, such as vanilla custard, caramel, chocolate, and pastry flavours, can provide a satisfyingly sweet and indulgent vaping experience.

5. Mint: Mint-flavoured e-liquids offer a clean and crisp flavour profile with a cooling effect, making them a refreshing choice for beginners who enjoy minty sensations.

6. Candy: Candy-inspired e-liquids, such as candy cane, bubblegum, and gummy bear flavours, are often appealing to beginners due to their fun and nostalgic appeal.

7. Vanilla: Vanilla-flavoured e-liquids offer a smooth and creamy taste that is easy to enjoy, making them a popular choice for beginners looking for a mellow and comforting vaping experience.

It's essential for beginners to experiment with different flavours to find what suits their taste preferences best. Additionally, choosing e-liquids with lower nicotine levels can help beginners ease into vaping without experiencing nicotine overload. Finally, purchasing e-liquids from reputable manufacturers ensures quality and safety, which is especially important for beginners who are new to vaping.

How do I know if an e-liquid is of high quality?

Determining whether an e-liquid is of high quality involves considering several factors, including ingredients, manufacturing standards, packaging, and user reviews. Here are some indicators of high-quality e-liquids:

1. Ingredients: High-quality e-liquids typically use pharmaceutical-grade ingredients, including USP-grade (United States Pharmacopeia) propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), nicotine, and food-grade flavourings. Avoid e-liquids that contain potentially harmful additives or undisclosed ingredients.

2. Manufacturing Standards: Look for e-liquids that are manufactured in facilities that adhere to strict quality control standards, such as ISO (International Organization for Standardization) or GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) certification. These certifications ensure that the e-liquids are produced in a clean and controlled environment, minimising the risk of contamination.

3. Lab Testing: Reputable e-liquid manufacturers often conduct third-party lab testing to verify the safety and purity of their products. Look for e-liquids that have been tested for contaminants, nicotine accuracy, and overall product quality. Lab test results should be readily available to consumers.

4. Packaging: High-quality e-liquids are typically packaged in child-resistant containers with tamper-evident seals to ensure safety and freshness. The packaging should include clear and accurate labelling, including nicotine content, ingredients, batch numbers, and expiration dates.

5. User Reviews and Reputation: Check user reviews and feedback from other vapers to gauge the quality and satisfaction level of a particular e-liquid brand or flavour. Positive reviews from satisfied customers can be a good indicator of high-quality e-liquids.

6. Price: While price alone is not always indicative of quality, excessively cheap e-liquids may indicate inferior ingredients or manufacturing standards. Conversely, overly expensive e-liquids may not necessarily be superior in quality. Look for e-liquids that offer a good balance of quality and value.

7. Flavour Accuracy and Consistency: High-quality e-liquids should deliver consistent flavour profiles that accurately match their descriptions. Avoid e-liquids that taste artificial or have a chemical aftertaste.

By considering these factors and doing some research, you can identify high-quality e-liquids that meet your standards for safety, purity, and flavour.

Pomegranate and grape vape

Can e-liquids be used past their expiration date?

While e-liquids typically have expiration dates printed on their packaging, these dates are more of a guideline than a strict rule. E-liquids can often be safely used past their expiration dates, especially if they have been stored properly and show no signs of spoilage or degradation.

However, it's essential to exercise caution and use your judgement when using e-liquids past their expiration dates. Here are some factors to consider:

1. Storage Conditions: Proper storage is crucial for extending the shelf life of e-liquids. Keep e-liquids away from direct sunlight, heat, and air exposure to prevent oxidation and degradation of flavour and nicotine potency.

2. Appearance and Smell: Before using an expired e-liquid, visually inspect it for any signs of spoilage, such as discoloration, separation, or cloudiness. Additionally, smell the e-liquid to check for any off-putting or rancid odours. If the e-liquid looks or smells unusual, it's best to discard it.

3. Nicotine Degradation: Nicotine content in e-liquids can degrade over time, especially if exposed to light, heat, or air. While expired e-liquids may still be safe to use, they may have reduced nicotine potency, which could affect the vaping experience.

4. Flavour Quality: Over time, the flavour compounds in e-liquids may degrade or change, resulting in a less enjoyable vaping experience. Expired e-liquids may taste stale, muted, or off compared to fresh e-liquids.

Ultimately, whether to use an expired e-liquid is a personal decision based on factors such as storage conditions, appearance, smell, and personal preferences. If you're unsure or concerned about the safety or quality of an expired e-liquid, it's best to err on the side of caution and discard it. Additionally, if you notice any adverse effects or changes in the vaping experience when using expired e-liquids, discontinue use immediately and dispose of the e-liquid properly.

Are there e-liquids specifically for cloud chasing?

Yes, there are e-liquids specifically formulated for cloud chasing, which is a vaping technique focused on producing large vapour clouds. Cloud chasing e-liquids typically have a high concentration of vegetable glycerin (VG) and are often referred to as "Max VG" or "High VG" e-liquids. VG is a thick, viscous liquid that produces dense vapour clouds when heated.

Cloud chasing e-liquids typically have the following characteristics:

1. High VG Content: Cloud chasing e-liquids typically contain a higher percentage of VG compared to propylene glycol (PG). VG is known for its ability to produce dense vapour clouds, making it a preferred choice for cloud chasers.

2. Low or No Nicotine: Cloud chasing e-liquids often come in nicotine-free or low-nicotine options. This is because nicotine can contribute to throat hit and may detract from the smoothness and flavour of the vapour clouds.

3. Smooth Flavour: While flavour is still important in cloud chasing e-liquids, the emphasis is often on smoothness and vapour production rather than intense flavour. Cloud chasing e-liquids may feature simple or subtle flavour profiles to allow the vapour clouds to shine.

4. Thick Consistency: Due to the high VG content, cloud chasing e-liquids tend to have a thick and viscous consistency. This helps produce dense vapour clouds and can contribute to a smoother vaping experience.

5. Maximised Vapour Production: Cloud chasing e-liquids are specifically designed to maximise vapour production, allowing cloud chasers to create impressive clouds during vaping competitions or for personal enjoyment.

It's essential for cloud chasers to use appropriate vaping hardware, such as high-powered mods and sub-ohm tanks or rebuildable atomizers, to achieve the best results with cloud chasing e-liquids. Additionally, cloud chasing requires proper technique, including inhalation and exhalation methods, to produce optimal vapour clouds safely. As always, vapers should prioritise safety and responsible vaping practices when engaging in cloud chasing or any vaping activity.

How do temperature settings affect e-liquid flavour?

Temperature settings can significantly affect the flavour of e-liquids when using certain types of vaping devices, particularly those with temperature control (TC) capabilities. Here's how temperature settings can impact e-liquid flavour:

1. Subtle Flavor Notes: Different flavour compounds in e-liquids vaporise at different temperatures. By adjusting the temperature settings, vapers can bring out specific flavour notes in their e-liquids. Lower temperatures may highlight more delicate or subtle flavour profiles, while higher temperatures can enhance bolder flavours.

2. Smoothness vs. Intensity: Temperature settings can influence the overall vaping experience in terms of smoothness and intensity. Lower temperatures tend to produce cooler, smoother vapour with less throat hit, which may be preferable for some vapers. Higher temperatures can produce warmer, more intense vapour with a stronger throat hit.

3. Avoiding Flavour Degradation: Excessive heat can lead to flavour degradation, resulting in a burnt or unpleasant taste. By using temperature control settings, vapers can prevent their coils from reaching temperatures that may degrade the flavour of the e-liquid.

4. Customization: Temperature control allows vapers to customise their vaping experience based on personal preferences. Some vapers may prefer cooler temperatures to emphasise certain flavour nuances, while others may prefer warmer temperatures for a more robust flavour experience.

5. Consistency: Temperature control settings can help maintain a consistent vaping experience throughout the lifespan of the coil. By preventing the coil from overheating, temperature control settings can help prevent dry hits and ensure that the flavour remains consistent from the first puff to the last.

Overall, temperature settings offer vapers a way to fine-tune their vaping experience and tailor it to their preferences. Experimenting with different temperature settings can help vapers discover the optimal balance of flavour, smoothness, and intensity for their e-liquids. However, it's essential to use temperature control settings responsibly and follow manufacturer guidelines to avoid any potential risks or safety concerns.

Are there e-liquids without propylene glycol (PG)?

Yes, there are e-liquids available that are formulated without propylene glycol (PG). These e-liquids are often referred to as "100% VG" or "Max VG" e-liquids, indicating that they contain only vegetable glycerin (VG) as the base ingredient, with no propylene glycol (PG) added.

Vegetable glycerin (VG) is a thick, viscous liquid derived from vegetable oils and is commonly used as a base ingredient in e-liquids. VG is known for its smooth and sweet taste, as well as its ability to produce dense vapour clouds when heated. E-liquids made with 100% VG are popular among vapers who may have sensitivity or allergies to propylene glycol (PG) or who prefer a smoother vaping experience.

It's important to note that while 100% VG e-liquids do not contain propylene glycol (PG), they may still contain flavourings, nicotine, and other additives. Additionally, because VG is thicker and less viscous than PG, 100% VG e-liquids may have a different consistency and may require different vaping hardware, such as sub-ohm tanks or rebuildable atomizers, to perform optimally.

Overall, 100% VG e-liquids offer an alternative option for vapers who are looking for e-liquids without propylene glycol (PG) or who prefer a smoother vaping experience. As with any e-liquid, it's essential to choose products from reputable manufacturers and to be mindful of any potential allergies or sensitivities to ingredients.

Can e-liquids stain clothes or surfaces?

Yes, e-liquids can potentially stain clothes or surfaces, particularly if they contain certain colouring agents or flavourings. Here's how e-liquids can cause staining:

1. Colouring Agents: Some e-liquids may contain artificial colouring agents to enhance their appearance or distinguish between different flavours. These colouring agents can transfer onto clothes or surfaces upon contact, potentially causing stains.

2. Nicotine: Nicotine, especially in higher concentrations, can have a yellowish or brownish colour. If e-liquids containing nicotine come into contact with clothes or surfaces, they may leave behind stains.

3. Flavourings: Certain flavourings used in e-liquids may have pigments that can cause staining. For example, dark-coloured flavourings like coffee, chocolate, or caramel may leave stains if spilled.

To minimise the risk of staining from e-liquids, here are some precautions you can take:

- Handle e-liquids carefully and avoid spills.
- Use drip tips or bottle nozzles to transfer e-liquid into your vaping device to minimise drips.
- Clean up spills promptly with a damp cloth to prevent staining.
- Wash clothes that come into contact with e-liquids promptly to prevent stains from setting.

It's also worth noting that e-liquids should be stored in child-resistant containers and kept out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion or spills. Additionally, while e-liquids are generally safe when used as intended, they should be handled responsibly to avoid any potential hazards or accidents.

What is the shelf life of an unopened e-liquid?

The shelf life of an unopened e-liquid can vary depending on several factors, including the ingredients used, storage conditions, and whether or not nicotine is present. In general, most unopened e-liquids can remain viable for an extended period if stored properly. Here are some general guidelines:

1. Nicotine Content: E-liquids containing nicotine typically have a shorter shelf life compared to nicotine-free e-liquids. Nicotine can degrade over time, especially when exposed to light, heat, or air. However, properly stored nicotine-containing e-liquids can still remain usable for up to one to two years or longer.

2. Storage Conditions: Proper storage is essential for maintaining the quality and shelf life of e-liquids. E-liquids should be stored in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and air exposure. Exposure to light, heat, or air can accelerate the degradation of nicotine and flavour compounds in e-liquids.

3. Ingredients: The quality and purity of the ingredients used in the e-liquid can also impact its shelf life. E-liquids made with high-quality, pharmaceutical-grade ingredients are generally more stable and have a longer shelf life compared to those made with lower-quality ingredients.

4. Flavour Stability: Over time, the flavour of e-liquids may degrade or change, especially if exposed to adverse storage conditions. While the e-liquid may still be safe to use past its expiration date, the flavour may not be as vibrant or enjoyable as when it was fresh.

As a general rule of thumb, unopened e-liquids stored under proper conditions can remain viable for one to two years or longer. However, it's essential to check the expiration date printed on the e-liquid packaging and use your judgement when determining whether to use an e-liquid past its expiration date. If an unopened e-liquid appears discoloured, cloudy, or has an off-putting odour, it's best to err on the side of caution and dispose of it properly.


How to transition from high to low nicotine e-liquids?

Transitioning from high nicotine e-liquids to low nicotine e-liquids can be a gradual process that requires patience and mindfulness. Here are some steps to help you make a successful transition:

1. Set a Goal: Determine your desired nicotine level and set a realistic goal for transitioning to lower nicotine e-liquids. You may want to gradually reduce your nicotine intake over several weeks or months until you reach your target level.

2. Choose the Right Nicotine Level: Select low nicotine e-liquids with nicotine levels that align with your goal. Most e-liquid manufacturers offer a range of nicotine strengths, typically ranging from 0mg/ml (nicotine-free) to 3mg/ml, 6mg/ml, and higher. Start with a nicotine level that is slightly lower than what you are currently using to ease the transition.

3. Gradual Reduction: Gradually reduce the nicotine concentration of your e-liquids over time. For example, if you are currently using e-liquids with 12mg/ml of nicotine, you may start by transitioning to e-liquids with 6mg/ml, then gradually decrease to 3mg/ml, and eventually to nicotine-free e-liquids.

4. Monitor Your Nicotine Intake: Keep track of your nicotine consumption and be mindful of any cravings or withdrawal symptoms that may arise during the transition. If you experience cravings or discomfort, you may need to adjust your nicotine levels more slowly or seek support from a healthcare professional or smoking cessation program.

5. Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help alleviate cravings and flush nicotine from your system more quickly. Stay hydrated throughout the day, especially when reducing your nicotine intake.

6. Stay Busy: Keep yourself occupied with activities and hobbies to distract yourself from cravings. Engage in physical exercise, practice mindfulness techniques, or spend time with supportive friends and family members.

7. Be Patient and Persistent: Nicotine dependence can be challenging to overcome, so be patient with yourself and celebrate small victories along the way. Remember that every step you take towards reducing your nicotine intake is a positive achievement.

By following these steps and being patient and persistent, you can successfully transition from high nicotine e-liquids to low nicotine e-liquids and ultimately achieve your goal of vaping with minimal or no nicotine. If you find it challenging to reduce your nicotine intake on your own, don't hesitate to seek support from healthcare professionals or smoking cessation programs for additional guidance and assistance.

What are the best practices for sampling e-liquids?

Sampling e-liquids is a great way to explore different flavours and find ones that suit your taste preferences. Here are some best practices for sampling e-liquids:

1. Start with Clean Equipment: Before sampling a new e-liquid, ensure that your vaping device, tank or atomizer, and drip tip are clean and free from any residual flavours or e-liquids. This helps prevent cross-contamination and ensures a more accurate flavour experience.

2. Use Fresh Coils: If possible, use fresh coils or atomizer heads when sampling e-liquids to avoid any lingering flavours from previous e-liquids. Fresh coils provide a clean canvas for experiencing the true flavour of the e-liquid.

3. Take Small Puffs: Start with small puffs when sampling e-liquids to gauge the flavour intensity and overall profile. Taking small, controlled puffs allows you to taste the e-liquid without overwhelming your taste buds or wasting too much e-liquid.

4. Cleanse Your Palate: Between e-liquid samples, cleanse your palate by drinking water or sniffing coffee grounds or unflavored crackers. This helps neutralise any lingering flavours and prepares your palate for the next sample.

5. Use Proper Wattage: Adjust the wattage or temperature settings of your vaping device to the recommended range for the specific e-liquid you are sampling. Different flavours and VG/PG ratios may perform best at different wattages or temperatures, so experiment to find the optimal setting for each e-liquid.

6. Take Notes: Keep a notebook or digital device handy to take notes on each e-liquid you sample. Note the flavour profile, intensity, sweetness, throat hit, and any other characteristics you observe. This helps you remember which flavours you enjoyed and which ones you didn't.

7. Wait Between Samples: Allow some time between e-liquid samples to allow your palate to reset and prevent flavour fatigue. This allows you to fully appreciate each e-liquid without blending flavours or overwhelming your senses.

8. Cleanse Your Device: After sampling e-liquids, clean your vaping device thoroughly to remove any residual flavours and prevent cross-contamination. Disassemble the device and clean the tank, drip tip, and other components with warm water or a mild cleaning solution.

By following these best practices, you can make the most of your e-liquid sampling experience and find new flavours that you enjoy. Remember to take your time, be mindful of your palate, and experiment with different flavours and settings to discover what works best for you.

Can e-liquids cause damage to vaping devices?

E-liquids can potentially cause damage to vaping devices if certain precautions are not taken or if the e-liquids are mishandled. Here are some ways e-liquids can damage vaping devices:

1. Corrosion: E-liquids containing acidic flavourings or additives may corrode or degrade the metal components of vaping devices over time. This can lead to damage to the tank, coils, and other parts of the device.

2. Leakage: E-liquids that leak from the tank or atomizer can seep into the internal components of the vaping device, potentially causing damage to the circuitry, battery, and other electronic components.

3. Coil Gunk: Certain e-liquids may produce coil gunk, which is a buildup of residue on the coils caused by sweeteners and other ingredients. Coil gunk can decrease the lifespan of coils and affect the performance of the vaping device.

4. Short Circuits: If e-liquids come into contact with the electrical components of the vaping device, such as the battery or circuitry, it can cause short circuits and potentially damage the device.

5. Overheating: Using e-liquids with high VG (vegetable glycerin) content or vaping at high wattages can generate more heat, which may cause overheating of the coils and other components of the vaping device. Prolonged exposure to high temperatures can lead to damage or failure of the device.

To minimise the risk of damage to vaping devices from e-liquids, it's important to follow these precautions:

- Use e-liquids from reputable manufacturers that adhere to strict quality control standards.
- Ensure that tanks, coils, and other components are properly installed and maintained.
- Avoid overfilling tanks and clean up any spills or leaks promptly.
- Store vaping devices and e-liquids away from extreme temperatures, moisture, and direct sunlight.
- Monitor the condition of coils regularly and replace them as needed to prevent coil gunk buildup.
- Follow manufacturer guidelines for recommended wattage or temperature settings when vaping.
- Use appropriate vaping hardware for the viscosity and nicotine content of the e-liquid.

By following these precautions and practising responsible vaping habits, you can minimise the risk of damage to your vaping device and ensure a safe and enjoyable vaping experience.

What are the trends in e-liquid flavours?

Several trends have been observed in e-liquid flavours. These trends often reflect changing consumer preferences, advancements in flavour technology, and evolving regulatory landscapes. Here are some trends in e-liquid flavours:

1. Fruit and Tropical Flavors: Fruit-flavoured e-liquids remain popular among vapers, with flavours like mango, pineapple, watermelon, and mixed berries being particularly trendy. Tropical fruit blends and exotic flavour combinations continue to attract vapers seeking refreshing and vibrant options.

2. Dessert and Bakery Flavors: Dessert-inspired e-liquids, such as vanilla custard, caramel, chocolate, and pastry flavours, remain perennial favourites among vapers looking for indulgent and comforting vaping experiences. Bakery flavours like cinnamon rolls, cheesecake, and doughnuts also continue to be popular.

3. Candy and Sweets: E-liquids inspired by candies and sweet treats, such as gummy bears, cotton candy, bubblegum, and sour candies, are trendy choices for vapers who enjoy nostalgic and fun flavour profiles.

4. Beverage Flavors: Beverage-inspired e-liquids, including coffee, tea, soda, and cocktail flavours, are gaining popularity as vapers seek novel and unconventional flavour options. Coffee-inspired e-liquids, in particular, have seen a surge in demand.

5. Menthol and Cooling Sensations: Menthol and cooling sensations remain popular additives in e-liquids, providing a refreshing and invigorating vaping experience. Menthol flavours, as well as icy blends like mint and menthol-infused fruits, continue to attract vapers seeking a cooling effect.

6. Tobacco and Tobacco Alternatives: While traditional tobacco flavors remain popular among some vapers, there is also growing interest in tobacco alternatives, such as tobacco-infused desserts or fruit blends. These alternatives provide a familiar taste with a unique twist.

7. Nicotine Salt E-Liquids: Nicotine salt e-liquids, which use a different form of nicotine that is smoother and more potent, have gained popularity among vapers, particularly those seeking a stronger nicotine hit without the harshness associated with traditional freebase nicotine.

8. Limited Edition and Seasonal Flavors: Some e-liquid manufacturers release limited edition or seasonal flavours to create excitement and appeal to seasonal tastes. These flavours may be inspired by holidays, seasons, or special events.

It's important to note that flavour trends in the e-liquid industry can change rapidly, influenced by consumer preferences, regulatory changes, and emerging technologies. Additionally, the availability of certain flavours may vary depending on geographical location and regulatory restrictions. As such, it's always a good idea to explore a variety of e-liquid flavours to find what suits your personal taste preferences best.

How does the ratio of PG to VG affect vapour production?

The ratio of propylene glycol (PG) to vegetable glycerin (VG) in e-liquids can significantly affect vapour production. PG and VG are two primary base ingredients used in e-liquids, each with its own characteristics:

1. Propylene Glycol (PG):

- PG is thinner and less viscous than VG.
- It has a higher throat hit and carries flavour more effectively.
- PG produces less visible vapour compared to VG.
- E-liquids with a higher PG ratio tend to have a stronger throat hit and more pronounced flavour but produce less vapour.

2. Vegetable Glycerin (VG):

- VG is thicker and more viscous than PG.
- It has a sweeter taste and produces smoother vapour.
- VG produces denser and more voluminous vapour clouds compared to PG.
- E-liquids with a higher VG ratio tend to have a smoother throat hit, less pronounced flavour, but produce more vapour.

The ratio of PG to VG in an e-liquid can vary, and common ratios include:

- 50/50 PG/VG
- 60/40 PG/VG
- 70/30 PG/VG
- 80/20 PG/VG
- Max VG (usually around 90% VG or higher)

Here's how the PG/VG ratio affects vapour production:

- Higher PG Ratios: E-liquids with higher PG ratios (e.g., 50/50 or 60/40 PG/VG) typically produce less vapour but offer a stronger throat hit and more intense flavour. These e-liquids are suitable for vapers who prioritise throat hit and flavour over vapour production.

- Higher VG Ratios: E-liquids with higher VG ratios (e.g., 70/30 PG/VG or Max VG) produce denser, thicker, and more voluminous vapour clouds. They offer a smoother throat hit and are preferred by cloud chasers or vapers who enjoy large vapour production.

Ultimately, the choice between PG and VG ratios depends on individual preferences and vaping styles. Some vapers may prefer a balanced PG/VG ratio for a well-rounded vaping experience, while others may prefer a higher PG or VG ratio based on their preferences for throat hit, flavour intensity, and vapour production. Experimenting with different PG/VG ratios can help vapers find the perfect balance for their vaping needs.

Single vape

Are there e-liquids that taste like traditional cigarettes?

Yes, there are e-liquids available that are specifically designed to mimic the taste of traditional cigarettes. These e-liquids are often referred to as "tobacco" or "tobacco-flavoured" e-liquids and are formulated to replicate the flavour profile of various types of tobacco found in traditional cigarettes.

Tobacco-flavoured e-liquids aim to provide vapers with a familiar taste experience similar to that of smoking traditional tobacco cigarettes. They may feature notes of cured tobacco leaves, smokiness, and other characteristic flavours associated with different types of tobacco. Some tobacco-flavoured e-liquids may also incorporate subtle hints of sweetness or spice to enhance the overall flavour profile.

While tobacco-flavoured e-liquids can vary widely in taste and complexity, they are generally popular among vapers who are transitioning from smoking to vaping and prefer the taste of tobacco. These e-liquids offer an alternative to traditional cigarettes while still providing a familiar and satisfying flavour experience.

It's important to note that while tobacco-flavoured e-liquids may resemble the taste of traditional cigarettes, they do not contain tobacco and are not combusted like traditional cigarettes. Instead, they are vaporised and inhaled, offering a potentially safer alternative to smoking. Additionally, tobacco-flavoured e-liquids come in a variety of nicotine strengths to accommodate vapers' preferences and needs.

Can e-liquids be used for medicinal purposes?

E-liquids are primarily intended for recreational use as part of vaping, and they are not approved or regulated as medicinal products in most countries. However, some researchers are exploring the potential use of certain compounds found in e-liquids for medicinal purposes, particularly in the realm of smoking cessation and harm reduction.

One such compound is nicotine, which is present in many e-liquids. While nicotine itself is a highly addictive substance, it has been studied for its potential therapeutic effects in helping smokers quit traditional tobacco cigarettes. Nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs), such as nicotine patches, gum, and lozenges, have been used as smoking cessation aids for many years, and some researchers believe that vaping with nicotine-containing e-liquids could offer a similar benefit.

Additionally, there is ongoing research into the potential therapeutic effects of other compounds found in e-liquids, such as cannabidiol (CBD), which is derived from hemp or cannabis plants. CBD has been studied for its potential anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anxiolytic properties, and some researchers are exploring the use of CBD e-liquids for conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy.

It's important to note that while some research suggests potential therapeutic benefits of certain compounds found in e-liquids, more studies are needed to fully understand their efficacy, safety, and appropriate usage. Additionally, regulations governing the use of e-liquids for medicinal purposes vary by country, and any claims of medicinal benefits must be supported by robust scientific evidence and regulatory approval.

Overall, while e-liquids are not currently approved or regulated as medicinal products in most jurisdictions, there is ongoing interest and research into their potential therapeutic applications, particularly in the fields of smoking cessation and harm reduction.

What are the signs of a low-quality e-liquid?

Low-quality e-liquids may exhibit several signs or characteristics that can affect the vaping experience, safety, and overall satisfaction. Here are some common signs of a low-quality e-liquid:

1. Off-putting Flavour: Low-quality e-liquids may have artificial or chemical-tasting flavours that are unpleasant or harsh on the palate. The flavour may be dull, muted, or inconsistent, and it may not accurately match the description on the packaging.

2. Strange Odour: Low-quality e-liquids may emit a strong or unpleasant odour, indicating the presence of impurities, contaminants, or improper handling during manufacturing. The odour may be sour, musty, or reminiscent of chemicals.

3. Cloudy Appearance: Low-quality e-liquids may appear cloudy or hazy in the bottle, which can indicate improper mixing of ingredients or the presence of suspended particles or contaminants. A clear and transparent appearance is generally preferred in high-quality e-liquids.

4. Throat Irritation: Low-quality e-liquids may cause throat irritation or discomfort when vaped, resulting in a harsh or scratchy sensation in the throat. This can be caused by the presence of impurities, excessive nicotine levels, or poorly balanced flavourings.

5. Inconsistent Vapour Production: Low-quality e-liquids may produce inconsistent vapour clouds, with some puffs yielding minimal vapour while others produce excessive amounts. This can be indicative of uneven distribution of ingredients or poor quality control during manufacturing.

6. Unlabeled or Misleading Packaging: Low-quality e-liquids may have incomplete, inaccurate, or misleading labelling and packaging, including missing or incorrect information about ingredients, nicotine content, or manufacturing processes. This can make it difficult for consumers to make informed choices and ensure product safety.

7. Lack of Child-Resistant Packaging: Low-quality e-liquids may be packaged in containers that lack child-resistant features, increasing the risk of accidental ingestion or exposure to children and pets.

8. Short Shelf Life: Low-quality e-liquids may have a shorter shelf life compared to higher-quality products, with flavours deteriorating rapidly or nicotine potency diminishing over time.

If you encounter any of these signs when using an e-liquid, it's advisable to discontinue use and switch to a higher-quality product from a reputable manufacturer. Additionally, if you experience any adverse effects or concerns about the safety of an e-liquid, it's important to seek guidance from a healthcare professional or contact the manufacturer for assistance.

How does the type of coil affect e-liquid flavour and vapour?

The type of coil used in a vaping device can significantly affect both the flavour and vapour production of an e-liquid. Coils come in various materials, configurations, and resistances, each with its own characteristics that influence the vaping experience. Here's how the type of coil can impact e-liquid flavour and vapour:

1. Material:

- Kanthal: Kanthal coils are one of the most common types and are known for their durability and consistent performance. They provide a clean flavour profile and are suitable for a wide range of e-liquids.
- Stainless Steel (SS316L): Stainless steel coils offer versatility, as they can be used in both wattage mode and temperature control mode. They provide a clean and crisp flavour with fast ramp-up times.
- Nickel (Ni200): Nickel coils are primarily used in temperature control mode. They offer excellent temperature control accuracy but may impart a slight metallic taste to the vapour.
- Nichrome: Nichrome coils heat up quickly and provide a warmer vaping experience compared to other materials. They offer good flavour production but may not be suitable for temperature control vaping.
- Titanium: Titanium coils are lightweight and offer excellent temperature control accuracy. They provide a clean flavour profile but require careful temperature control to prevent overheating.

2. Configuration:

- Single Coil: Single coil setups are straightforward and provide a balanced flavour experience. They are often preferred by vapers who enjoy a cooler vaping experience and moderate vapour production.
- Dual Coil: Dual coil setups feature two coils instead of one, resulting in increased vapour production and a warmer vaping experience. They may provide more intense flavour but can also drain battery life more quickly.
- Mesh Coil: Mesh coils use a mesh-like material instead of traditional wire coils. They offer a larger surface area for heating and provide smooth, consistent vapour production with excellent flavour clarity.

3. Resistance:

- Low Resistance: Low-resistance coils (sub-ohm coils) typically have a resistance of less than 1 ohm and are designed for high-wattage vaping. They produce larger vapour clouds and offer a warmer, more intense flavour experience.
- High Resistance: High-resistance coils have a resistance of 1 ohm or higher and are often used in mouth-to-lung (MTL) vaping setups. They provide a tighter draw and cooler vapour, with a focus on flavour clarity and throat hit.

Overall, the type of coil used in a vaping device plays a crucial role in determining the flavour and vapour production of an e-liquid. Experimenting with different coil materials, configurations, and resistances can help vapers find the perfect setup to suit their preferences and enhance their vaping experience.

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